Nursing Program Curriculum Threads
Basic Human Needs: Maslow’s hierarchic categorization describes the five basic needs of humans (physiological, safety & security, love & belonging, self-esteem, self-actualization). The hierarchy begins with physiologic or biologic needs and progresses to the need for self-actualization. The progression from one need to the next is dependent upon the satisfaction of the more basic need.
Developmental Patterns: Developmental patterns constitute the sequential acquisition of physiological, psychosocial, cognitive, moral, and spiritual skills that are attained as an individual matures.
Information Literacy: Information literacy is a set of skills requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and then have the ability to locate, evaluate, and effectively use the needed information.
Leadership: Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs a group in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. Leaders carry out this process by applying their leadership attributes, such as, beliefs, ethics, character, knowledge and skills. A good leader inspires followers to want to achieve high goals.
Functional Health Patterns: Marjorie Gordon (1987) proposed functional health patterns as a guide for establishing a comprehensive nursing data base. Eleven functional categories make possible a systematic and standardized approach to data collection and enable the nurse to determine the following aspects of health and human function.
Critical Thinking: Critical thinking is defined universally as the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.
Delegation: A responsibility of the leader, it can be defined as entrusting the performance of a selected nursing task to an individual who is qualified, competent, and able to perform such tasks. The nurse retains the accountability for the total nursing care of the individual.
Stress Adaptation: Hans Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome and current neurobiological research describes the mind body response to stressors (acute, chronic, and traumatic). Dysregulation of this neuro endocrine system causes imbalances in the mind body leading to stress related symptoms and disease. The Conceptual Model of Stress Variables (Selye, H. and Smith M. J. T. S.) addressing Perception, Conditioning Factors, and Coping Mechanisms provides a holistic and integrative framework for client assessment and nursing intervention which facilitate adaptation, healing, and stress resilience.
Health Promotion/Illness Prevention: Nurses have the fundamental responsibilities to assist clients in promoting optimal health, preventing illness, restoring health, and alleviating suffering. Nurses must have knowledge of evidenced based interventions which facilitate the promotion of health and sustain wellness.
Cultural Competence: Cultural competence is a dynamic process which involves the nurse’s self-examination regarding biases and prejudices, a knowledge base of various cultures including health variables and perspectives, and the ability to conduct culturally sensitive assessments and intervention strategies to deliver effective and culturally competent care to all clients.
Accountability/Ethics: The Nurse carries and accepts professional responsibility and accountability for competent nursing practice which demonstrates respect for human rights, choice, dignity, and privacy. The nurse demonstrates knowledge of ethical principles, values, and analysis in the delivery of nursing care and interactions with the multidisciplinary health team. Knowledge and skill in ethics is utilized to advocate for clients and protect them from incompetent, illegal, and unethical practices.
Therapeutic Communications: Patient focused interactions that are directed toward improving the patient’s well being and health status. These interactions are the basis for the nurse-patient relationship, and are a learned skill set rather than a natural process.
Professional Communications: Written and verbal communication skills which enable the nurse to interact effectively with a multidisciplinary health care team to enhance patient care.
Nursing Process: A systematic, problem-solving framework utilizing critical thinking for providing individualized, comprehensive nursing care to individuals, families, and communities.
Common Health Problems: Health conditions that are frequently seen in the patient population, which are likely to be encountered by the graduate nurse.