Thomas C. Perry Collection
1807–1885, ca. 1828–1857
Shipmaster, Sandwich. Consists of a volume of lessons in navigation (1828) which contain Mercator, middle latitude, parallel, and traverse sailing examples, bound with a journal of a voyage from Lubeck to Cape Hatteras and from Monument toward Kennebec; and a log of the brig Abby and Elizabeth Feb. 15–Apr 4, 1857) on a voyage from Bordeaux to New York, with a cargo of Brandy and wine. Entered therein are names of the crew. Also a deed from Arthur Perry (mariner, Sandwich) to Thomas Perry re: real estate in Sandwich.
Transcription of first 4 pages, part of Log Abby & Elizabeth by Samantha Perkins, for Professor Barnes U.S. History class, Cape Cod Community College.
Abby & Elizabeth
Private journal on board the Herm Brig:
Abby & Elizabeth of New Bedford from Bordeaux for New York with a full cargo of brandy and wine principally the latter in boxes also prunes in jars also packed in boxes having on board two hundred tons measurement as calculated in Bordeaux or sated one cargo is as much as 2/3 boxes or what they call light freight it was stowed at the expense of the shipper by standards as of the custom of the Port and was all brought along side in lighters.
And out outward cargo of Rice & Cotton was all taken in lighters at the expense of the Consignee that also being the custom of the port for we were freighted out by the cask and bale.
Whoever enters a French port must be very particular to manifest everything on board and be ready for the officers of first arrival. They searched us in Pouillac thoroughly even into our chests and under our berths in the cabin but I had everything specified and had no trouble.
The Chart and Sailing directions I had for Bordeaux I found to be very, good, indeed and the Buoys all in their places and the pilots I should think attention.
The lighthouse at Corduan is an excellent structure and can be seen 30 miles in a clear night.
All vessels whether bound up the river or down must stop at Pouillac and the master must go to the guard ship with his papers for examination it is 33 miles below Bordeaux. The tide wind very strong in this river particularly the ebb I should think 5 knots at Bordeaux we filled all our water from alongside which though thick and muddy in appearance in the river is very, good to carry to sea at least so I think now after being at sea 23 days and using it for all purposes.
Ships of 24 or 5 feet draft do go to Bordeaux but there being some shoal places in the river such have to take steam up and down which is expensive or if they do not do that and draw over a certain draft I think 14 feet are obliged to hire a large sow barge with a crew to pull her to check the vessels head. All this if the pilot asks for it or he may and after does enter into a private arrangement with the captain to get his vessel down without either provided the Captain will pay him 10 or 20 dollars what he calls gratification many and they generally get them down without any trouble provided they do not draw too much water.
No vessel can enter at the Custom House without employing a ship broker who all receive their appointments from the government and the vessel must pay them 1 Franc and a half for ton by the register and so also outwards our charges out and in all included amounted to $ 135.50 and out pilotages were $57 up and down besides 2½ per cent commission on both the outward & inward freights. Our outward cargo being Rice which is of course classed as bread stuff we were exempted from Tonnage Duty except so far as 104 Bales Cotton rated or weighed for which we were charged about 19 dollars Tonnage Duty in the above amount of $ 135.50 is included Lasoretto dues mooring the vessel entering the vessel at Customs house and other officers and at the Brokerage inwards 1½ francs per ton on ships register Declaration & protest at Custom house on returning do at the Tribunal of Commerce advertisement in Newspapers against trusting the crown.
Tonnage dues. Manifest & fright list Duties & permits on stores and for vessel. Care attendance & Brokerage outward @ 1½ francs.
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? Abby & Elizabeth ?? Perry Master
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From Bordeaux for New York, February 1857
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? Abby & Elizabeth I, C. Perry Master from